Amaterasu
Goddess of the Sun

 

Uzume
Goddess of Mirth and Dance


Amaterasu, goddess of the sun in Japanese mythology, was a beautiful and compassionate goddess who ruled both the sun and the heavenly fields of rice that fed the Japanese people.  Uzume was a lesser goddess, responsible for laughter and revelry.

The goddess Amaterasu, the divine ancestor of the Japanese imperial family, and the goddess Uzume (who brought her out of her deep depression) are heroines in Japanese myths that parallel the story of Demeter and the maidservant Baubo in Greek mythology.

  Amaterasu


Uzume, a lesser goddess than Amaterasu, is remembered largely for the role that she played in bringing Amaterasu out of a severe depression. The goddess Uzume played an important role in leading Amaterasu back to her heavenly responsibilities, insuring the fertility of the crops.

 

The goddess Uzume, because of her part in the myths of Amaterasu, is also allied with the art of spiritual drumming.  The story of the Japanese goddesses Amaterasu and Uzume will tell you why.

  Amaterasu

Amaterasu was the daughter of the supreme Japanese diety who, in Japanese mythology, had created the world. She and her brothers, the storm god, Susanowa, and the moon god, Tsuki-yomi, shared the power of governing the universe. Amaterasu, as the sun goddess, was responsible for illuminating the world and for insuring the fertility of the rice fields.

Amaterasu was also an accomplished   weaver, with many attendants who joined her in weaving the stunning satins, silks, and brocades for which Japan is rightfully famous.

Her brutish brother Susanowa was very jealous of the beautiful Amaterasu's power and popularity. Going on a rampage,  he slaughtered a young horse (an animal sacred to the goddess) and threw its bloody carcass into the weaving room, wrecking the looms, ruining the precious fabrics, and terrifying the hapless women who were working there.

In some versions of the myth, one of her attendants was killed in the violence . . . in another version, Amaterasu herself was wounded when her brother attacked her with a shuttle.

Amaterasu

Amaterasu, depressed and grieving over this violation by her brother, crept away to a dark cave in the mountains and refused to return to the heavens.

Without her there was no sun, and the rice fields lay dying in the endless night, while the people grew hungry.

Hundreds of the gods and goddesses came to the entrance of her cave and begged for Amaterasu to come out.  But her grief was so great that Amaterasu could not be moved by their pleas.

Amaterasu

Finally, Uzume, the goddess of mirth, came up with a plan. The gods rolled a large bronze mirror in front of the entrance to the cave while Uzume began to dance on a large overturned tub. Her dance frenzied and ecstatic, her feet drumming on the tub, Uzume hoisted her kimono and the crowd roared and laughed with delight.

Amaterasu could hear the feverish laughter and drumming and became curious about its origin.  Hoping to peek out of the cave's entrance, she was momentarily dazzled by her own reflection in the bronze mirror and was unable to see what was happening.

When she crept further out, the gods captured Amaterasu and sealed the entrance to the cave so that she could not return.

Her grief dissipated by the revelry and good humor she found around her, Amaterasu returned to her home and her light once more shone upon the earth.

 

Amaterasu

In another myth, Amaterasu was angered by her other brother, the moon god Tsuki-yomi, because he killed a goddess he felt had insulted him. The sun goddess Amaterasu told her brother that she would never see him again . . . which, in Japanese mythology, explains why the sun and the moon appear at different times in the sky.

Amaterasu

The goddesses Amaterasu and Uzume teach us about the healing power of laughter and dance, and remind us that we can often find healing and wisdom in humor.

 

   
   


 

 

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